The historic centre of Casamassima is dominated by the Clock Tower and the architectural jewel of the Church of Purgatory. AT the very heart of the village there is the Castle, an ancient noble palace, to which the town owns its name of “Blue village”. The castle used to be the dwelling of the Vaaz, a Jewish family of Portuguese origins. In the 17th Century, Miche Vaaz, Lord of the township, decided to have all the houses painted in blue, the colour of Our Lady’s mantel, as an offer to the Virgin Mary and a prayer to preserve the town from the plague sweeping across the region at the time. Today blue is still the colour symbol of the village.