Castiglione di Garfagnana is surrounded by forests and miles of rugged, almost wild landscape. The area in which the town is situated has always been different from the quintessential image of Tuscany – fewer gentle, rolling hills and more wild, mountainous terrain. And while Ludovico Ariosto once described the area as the “land of wolves and bandits”, visitors nowadays are sure to be struck by its authentic beauty. The town itself, which stands atop the hill, bears testament to the ancient history of centuries gone by. The castle, massive defensive walls and towers evoke the spirit of medieval times, when it was the most important castle in the Republic of Lucca, tasked with defending the border with the Duchy of Modena, on the road that leads across the Apennines and towards Lombardy. Thankfully, the time for defense is long gone: this is the time to fall in love with the place.